b'timber from a building which was at the park gate, which timber is in the big shed.7 .2.Aerial photographs provide evidence for aboundary ditch on parts of the southern and eastern extremities of the parkland which could have served to hamper the escape of deer 8 .As a group we started looking at the possible layout of the Palace site in March 2005, using aerial photographs, architectural features of comparable sites, general documentary evidence and assessment of the site on the ground. This resulted in the publication of an annotated aerial photograph in February 2006 that speculatively identified the main residential and kitchen buildings, stables, barns, a gatehouse, a dovecote (or watch tower) with the surrounding courtyard and gardens 9 . By October 2006, we were able to publish a more The boundary of the Palace site shown abovespecific plan produced by our resident architect and follows a line of earthworks on the southgroup member, Andrew Boyce. This superimposes side not recognised by English Heritage. It isa conjectural layout of buildings, walls and other thought that the excluded grey area wouldfeatures on features seen on aerial photos 10 .have been part of the site, giving it a moreAfter discussion of the site for the 4 years of the symmetrical appearance and including an areaLocal History Groups existence and assessment of that gave access to the Deer Park. it from the perimeter, members of the Committee managed to get permission to conduct a site walk in May 2006. As Andrew Boyce has put it, this made it possible to appreciate the extent and scale of the that there was a gradual decline due to reducedmonument and to further interpret the lumps and usage over what was a very difficult century whichbumps seen on the photographs.encompassed famine, Scottish raids, the Black Death and general lawlessness. Expert opinion suggests thatOld documents which we have managed both royal and ecclesiastical itineraries were paredto transcribe and translate from the 1300s down and the number of residences of those whodo refer to the presence of a Warrener at travelled around were reduced after the privations ofWilton. While this would support the idea of the 14th century. rabbits being raised in the park, we have The Palace site covers an area of approximately 9not found any references that would suggest acres taking the moat, fish ponds and a plot on thethe presence of deer. A part of the Palace site south side of the beck into account (see diagram). Itacross the beck on the south side is referred has a moat still visible today on three sides. The fourthto as Lodge Garth and Foster Lodge which side is delimited by an earthwork mound of varyingsuggests the presence of a Forester or heights that gives the site a symmetrical shape that itsomeone who looked after the park. However, lacks if it is assumed that it ends at the edges of thethese references do post-date the time of the fish ponds. It encompasses 2 fish ponds, a mill pond,Palace and have to be treated with caution.a dovecote and a range of other buildings.Land surrounding the Palace site to the east and the south is thought to have constituted a park that would have provided the Archbishops with deer andAn emerging view of the Palace site is that it rabbits. The case for a park rests on two main piecesacted as a larder that yielded fish, rabbits, deer of evidence:and pigeons and that the conception, design and 1.Old documents use the term park to namelandscaping of the site and its environs envisaged surrounding plots of land. The oldest, anthis functionality. Consideration of the fish ponds in inventory (in Latin) from 1298 refers to All thetheir own right suggests a degree of engineering (to 7Kate Pratt, LHB 11.8Mike Pratt, LHB 7.9Joint Effort, LHB 13.10Andrew Boyce, LHB 14.BULLETIN 15 275'