b'The Carlton FamilyBased on material supplied by Mary CarltonT he name Carlton is derived from CEORLTUNaThe Bishops Register for Full Sutton shows William settlement of farmers who, in return for servicesCarlton as Church Warden in 1731 and 1732. The rendered to their lord in either time, goods, money orregister for 1776 shows the marriage of Roger Whip service in war time, were allowed to work their ownand Elizabeth Carlton in March.land and raise their own cattle. Mary Carlton has a maths book that was Family legend says that Carlton ancestors fledhandwritten by Thomas Carlton 1 (17661822), from Marston Moor at the time of the English Civil warbeginning when he was aged 19 in 1785 and and settled in Bishop Wilton. completed in 1787. It is most meticulously laid The first mention in the Bishop Wilton Churchout with formulae, explanatory text and coloured registers appears to be in 1708Elizabeth Carltondiagrams. It builds up from basic mathematical daughter of Thomas buried 26th day of November.principles to practical applications with titles like How Although there was an entry in 1694 Thomasa Lordship is to be Divided and Of Laying Out Land. Charlton was buried January 12th. Was this just aThere is a detailed account of how a surveyor would change in spelling? tackle the extremely onerous job at enclosure time of measuring each mans individual strips of land in the common fieldsley land, arable & meadowin order to allocate an equivalent amount of land in a single field. Although it is known that Thomas became a farmer in Bishop Wilton, is it possible that he was training as a surveyor or was this required knowledge for a farmer at the time?A later Thomas Carlton(18181902), a farmer from Youlthorpe, purchased a plot of land at auction in 1872 that had belonged to the late George Kirby. The plot is described as a close in the Back Lane called Line Ratings, for which he paid 37. This field which is still in the family is interesting because of the name. Line reveals a link with the growing of flax for the manufacture of linen, and Ratings links to one of the processes used, when the flax was soaked in water and rotted in a pit to separate the fibres (sometimes Adapted from Thomas Carltons maths booktry it! known as retting). Flax growing was very popular in England in the 18th Century and this plot name The names William, Richard, Thomas, John,predates the voluntary enclosure in 1726 when it was Elizabeth and Mary appear time after time in theused to refer to a subdivision of the South Field, i.e. registers which makes it difficult to know to which lineLyne Rateings.of the family they belong.1Married Mary Rispin of Full Sutton and had 8 children: Nanny, William, Richard, John, Elizabeth, Philip,Ann & ThomasAdvertisementHowdenshire Chronicle & Pocklington Weekly News, Saturday, August 24, 1901BULLETIN 8 125'