b'BoltonB olton used to be part of the parish of Bishop Wilton and, indeed, it was classed as an outlying portion of the manor of Wilton in the Domesday Book entry (where it was referred to as Bodelton). There is specific mention of Bolton in the section of Domesday Book known as the Recapitulation 1 :In Bolton the king [has] 1 carucate. In the same place, the archbishop [has] 4 and a half carucates.What were called berewicks in the 11th centuryalso delineates the boundary of the township of High later became known as townships. By the time of Belthorpe which we will look at in a future Bulletin.the land enclosures, the manor of Bishop Wilton wasThe map illustrates the point that Eastfield Farm is split into townships comprising Bishop Wilton, Bolton,situated in what used to be the former (pre-enclosure) High Belthorpe, Youlthorpe and Gowthorpe andeachEast field of Bolton township i.e. it is east of Bolton.of these was a separate entity for enclosure purposes. What follows is a brief focus on Bolton which we The separation of Bolton from the parish of Bishophave been able to do with the help of the Bolton Local Wilton resulted in a portion of the former townshipHistory Group.being left behind with the majority being added to theThe Bolton Group has a website at: www.bolton-parish of Fangfoss in 1935. fangfoss.org.ukThe map below shows the portion of Bolton left behind (the village of Bishop Wilton is top right). It 1See Local History Bulletins 9 and 13 for two Domesday articles by Kate PrattThe Manor of BoltonMike PrattI n her assessment of the moated sites of Yorkshire 1 ,Patourel to the effect that the alienation of Bolton H. E. Jean Le Patourel speculates that the moat atfrom Bishop Wilton by Archbishop Gray occurred in Hall Garth, Bolton, is likely to have enclosed [the]1287 when it became a manor in its own right.house of Ralph de Micklefield de Birkin, nephew ofLe Patourel must have had documentary evidence Archbishop Gray.of her assertion but we have not been able to find it. In the write-up for the excavation of Chapel Garth 2 The date of 1287 is problematic as Archbishop Walter Glynn Coppack quotes information supplied by Lede Gray died in 1255.1The Moated Sites of Yorkshire, 1973, The Society for Medieval Archaeology, Monograph Series: No. 52An Excavation at Chapel Garth, Bolton, Fangfoss, Humberside, The Yorkshire Archaeological Journal,Vol. 50, 1978BULLETIN 16 311'