b'War-Time RationingBased on material supplied by Nancy HutchinsonIt was as long ago as Bulletin 2 in January 2003 that we featured a card for the Hospital Contributory Scheme that Nancy Hutchinson allowed us to copy. With that she supplied this Clothing Book from the era of rationing.F ood rationing in World War 2 began in 1940 andand the need for British manufacturers to put their the rationing of clothes followed in 1941. Nancyefforts into the making of uniforms, parachutes and Newby (as she was then) lived at No. 23 Main Streetother items for the war effort. Nancy remembers that when she received this book of coupons. As you canvery smart coats were made out of travel rugs in softsee from the back of the book (below), the Boardpurple or dark blue material.of Trade at the time was urging everyone to Make- An internet source explains that Each person do and Mend so there would have been a lot ofwas allowed a maximum of 66 coupons a year, which alterations made to old clothes with things beingwas equivalent to 1 complete outfit per year. Growing passed on to younger children as hand-me-downs.children however were allocated an extra 10 clothing The shortage of clothesparticularly hit mothers withcoupons above the standard ration each year with young children as they were growing up hence theclothing in small sizes having a lower coupon value need for a Junior edition of the ration book whichthan adult-sized garments 1 .made allowance for this. It is said that girls wereThe exchange of clothing became popular, more affected than boys as their dress styles weresometimes being run by the local Womens Voluntary altered considerably in order to save on fabric. Indeed,Service. This gave rise to what became known as rationing brought a new kind of clothing for everyone;Swap Shops though there was very likely an informal called utility clothing, it used cheap materials andequivalent in close-knit communities like Bishop the minimum amount of cloth. The problem wasWilton.accentuated by restriction on imports from abroad 1http://www.worldwar2exraf.co.uk/BULLETIN 17 321'