b'The diagram above is based on the one used by Andrew Boyce in Bulletin 14 for his article on the layout of the Palace site. It has been extended to include a Header Pond outside the site. The main purpose of the diagram, as explained in this article, is to show how the fish ponds and the water-filled moat were part of an overall design aimed at managing water levels and water flow through the site.late 1100s until the mid 1200s. It was in 1245 thatMedieval Fish Consumption 6the [second] pond was ready to stock with ten primeDuring medieval times freshwater fish must be female bream (matrices bremias) from the Foss 2 . regarded as part of the diet of the aristocracy and The only known documentary evidence for thefor the construction of the ponds to hold them the creation of the Palace site is a fragment that wasformidable sums involved could clearly have only been written about in Bulletin 10 3 . It alludes to a gift of 30borne by a wealthy minority. It has to be remembered bream in 1228 from the King to the then Archbishopthat church rules forbade meat consumption, not of York, Walter De Gray,to install in his fishpond ofjust during the six weeks of Lent, but also on Fridays Wiltan. It is assumed that this coincides with the initialand Saturdays in every week, in some households stocking of the fishpond at Wilton. on Wednesdays too, and on the vigils of important Slight but significant evidence for fish farmingfestivals, such as Christmas Eve. As well as satisfying is also contained in a 1298 Inventory for Wiltonthe resultant need for non-meat meals one of the (translated and published in Bulletin 11 4 ) which refersfunctions of fresh-water fish was to contribute to the to the existence of 3 fish traps. Interestingly, it alsovariety of the menu.refers to the existence of a demesne barn and a titheMedieval fish prices suggest that freshwater barn both of which could have been situated on thefish were more expensive than sea fish by weight. Palace site for the security it provided. Distance from the sea did not seem to make too From a survey map of 1765 that was reproducedmuch difference as sea fish were transported quite in Bulletin 7 5 , it would appear that the pond systemwidely inland. The aristocratic ideal must have been we are considering here was still water-filled at thatto be self-sufficient with private access to a source of time. The map shows the outline of the header pond,sustainable freshwater fish stocks. But that access the 2 fish ponds and the partly filled eastern side ofhad to be kept secure as hunting and fishing rights the moat. This suggests that some of the dammingbecame a symbol of social privilege, and there is good was still in place although not necessarily in its 13threason to see more than simple criminality in the mass century form.2As Above.3The Dating of the Palace Site - Update by Mike Pratt41298 Inventory for the Manor of Wilton by Kate Pratt.5Wiltons Deer Park by Mike Pratt.6All quotes and paraphrasing in this section are based on: Michael Aston, 1988. The Consumption ofFresh-Water Fish in Medieval England by Christopher Dyer.BULLETIN 15 277'