b'Without that the only alternative is archaeologicalglass from windows indicating a date of the third evidence should any excavation of the site be allowedquarter of the 13th century for some of the building by Garrowby Estate and English Heritage in the future. work, this points to Archbishop Gray as the possible initiator especially as he is known to have been Postscript responsible for other work in Otley. Actual use of The site of the Archbishops manor house atthe site is thought to have fallen off early in the 14th Otley has been excavated and H. E. Jean Le Patourelcentury. and P. Wood report 7on finds suggesting post- As Wilton was on the Archbishops circuit conquest building work including a chapel and privatecontemporaneously with Otley it is just possible that it apartments during the 12th and 13th centuries. Withshared a similar history.7Excavation at the Archbishop of Yorks Manor House at Otley by H. E. Jean Le Patourel and P. Woodpublished in the Yorkshire Archaeological Journal Vol. 45, 1973.Interpreting the Domesday Book EntryKate PrattD omesday Book was undertaken on the orders ofcarucate/bovatemeasurements of productive King William nearly 20 years after he conqueredland. 1 carucate = 8 bovates or oxgangs, ie the England, being drawn up between Christmas 1085amount of land that could be ploughed by a team of 8 and August 1086. He needed to be sure that all theoxen in a year. An acre is traditionally the amount that land he held was being properly accounted for, most8 oxen could plough in one forenoon. A family could places listing the current owner, the owner before thebe supported by approx 120 acres, whichmight invasion, and the amount of land held that was liabletypically be distributed in 40 1 acre strips between the to taxation, plus any other assets. It is thought that the3 shared fieldsKings inquisitors, masterminded by Rannulf Flambard,geldirregular taxation of so many shillings per family travelled to various central points where 2 or 3 peopleholding (or hide). In 1084 the geld had been 6 pence of repute from each village would gather, and wouldper hide, approximately the value of half a sheep. The recite the relevant details for their manor. The Bishopbig shock was that the Norman hide consisted of 60 Wilton entry is listed under the possessions of theacres, instead of the English hide which comprised Archbishop of York. A translation is shown here 1with120 acresso that the level of taxation effectively explanations of the key terms: doubled!berewicka subsidiary or outlying portion of a manor rent-paying tenants15 are mentioned, which is calculated to mean a population of about 90. It has also been worked out that for each plough given, I N BISHOP WILTON, with these Berewicks,there would also be 10 pigs, 79 sheep, 1 horse, 4 Bolton [in Bishop Wilton], Gowthorpe,non-ploughing oxen and 4 goats, depending on the Youlthorpe, Greenwick [and] Fridaythorpe, theretype of land and level of prosperityare 30 carucates and 7 bovates to the geld,church - not every manor had one, or a priest; also and there could be 18 ploughs. Archbishopnot every church was listed in DB. Churches were Eldraed held this as 1 manor. Now Archbishopnoted because they were assets, of profit to their Thomas has there 15 rent-paying tenantsowners and patrons, from tithes, burial fees, glebe having 7 ploughs. There is a church and alands etcpriest, [and] meadow half a league long and 3 furlongs broad. The whole manor [is] 3 leaguesplough teams - the number that each place could long and 1 league broad. TRE worth 14; nowideally support is stated, as well as the number there 4 actually are. It is evident that Bishop Wilton cultivates In Fridaythorpe are 11/2 carucates to theless than half its capacity, and that each tenant only geld, of which the soke belongs to Bishopowns half a ploughWilton. It is waste. Eldred - the last Saxon Archbishop of York, and IN HIGH BELTHORPE are 4 carucates to theit was he who crowned King William. He was geld. Archbishop from 1061-1069, and for the last 3 years he was the only Primate in England.1 From Domesday Book. A Complete Translation (2003) by A. Williams & G. H. Martin (Eds)140 BULLETIN 9'